The idea is simple. Use more of the brain to find the answer to a question. What I mean is when you get a question in school for instance you also write down the question and speak it to yourself. Thereby your brain has formulated the question in different forms. Since the brain acts somewhat like machine learning it will take information from whatever is possible. Some of that decision processing will be automatic. With this you will have an easier time solving any question using your ordinary methods. In addition to this write down keywords as they come to your mind when solving the question. This will help your brain if it gets lost.