I think I found an easy way to think about innovations. All inventions have names that describe them. If the names were very complicated and long or unique then you would not be able to shortcut innovation. However this is not the case. Many inventions can be described with just a couple of words. Take the microwave oven. Just add or change the words to something that could work. Like a “fan-assisted oven”.
What has this to do with the Google search string? The way it is constructed. You find what you want by searching using just a few words, not complete sentences. After some practice you can start making predictions. Change a series of words describing an invention and see if that has already been discovered.
It does not have to be inventions. Innovation could be about other things. Like types of strategies.
Rewriting strategy to mean “human strategies”. I can guess the following just changing the first word to mean all living organisms.
I assume then that for any living organism to survive in this complex world it has got an evolved strategy. Then the success of this organism would depend on how well the strategy works and how close to the strategy you are.